[La utopía de la ciudad ideal en el siglo XX]
With an introduction by Juan Pro, Professor of Contemporary History at the Autonomous University of Madrid.
The Dutch artist Constant Nieuwenhuys (1920-2005), known simply as Constant, conceived one of the most audacious utopias of the 20th century between 1956 and 1974. His project “New-Babylon” outlined the dream of an artificial habitat for a nomadic humanity, completely free to live where it wanted and how it wanted. In that society freed from the need to work thanks to machines, Neo-Babylonians could devote all their time to play and to the full development of their creativity. With this new design, the problems derived from the conception of cities and the two opposing economic systems of capitalism and “real socialism” would be overcome. This original utopia, which defied all the conventions of urbanism and architecture of its time, grew up in the idealistic climate of the sixties and had much to do with the intellectuals who inspired the student revolt of May 68. Constant embodied his idea in an extensive artistic work; but also in a manuscript that had remained unpublished until now and that is published for the first time, in Spanish, with an introductory study that places it in the coordinates of his time. Undoubtedly, many of the ideas that he raises are still valid today.