Image

Constant Nieuwenhuys, 40000 ton bommen op Hanoi, 1973

Photographer

Tom Haartsen

40.000 ton bommen op Hanoi

1973
New Babylon
89,3cm
x 94,7cm
crayon
newspaper
paper
watercolour
Collection Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, NL

CID

1597

    English title

    40.000 Tons of Bombs on Hanoi

    Alternate titles

    Prix Americana
    1974
    40.000 ton bommen op Hanoi
    1973 Archive entry

    Signed/dated

    Signed and dated Constant '73 in red pencil, bottom right

    Provenance

    1973 Constant
    1973 Collection Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (Galerie de Tor)
    Tags
    Vietnam
    War

    Frame dimensions

    nee

    Image

    Constant Nieuwenhuys-Golven terreur aanvallen, 1973

    Photographer

    Tom Haartsen

    Golven terreuraanvallen

    1973
    New Babylon
    82,0cm
    x 135,0cm
    charcoal
    newspaper
    paper
    watercolour
    Fondation Constant, NL

    CID

    438

      English title

      Waves of Terror Attacks

      Alternate titles

      Bomben auf Hanoi
      1985
      Golven terreuraanvallen
      1973 Archive entry

      Signed/dated

      Signed and dated Constant '73, bottom right in pencil

      Provenance

      1973 Constant
      2005 Collection Trudy Nieuwenhuys-van der Horst|FC (nalatenschap Constant)
      2008-2023 langdurig bruikleen Stedelijk Museum Schiedam (bij de verhuizing van het atelier Wittenburg) tot 11.04.23
      2023 Collection Fondation Constant, NL
      Tags
      Vietnam
      War

      Frame dimensions

      87,5 x 140 x 2 cm

      Image

      Constant Nieuwenhuys-Mekong River, 1970

      Photographer

      Tom Haartsen

      Mekong River

      1970
      New Babylon
      119,0cm
      x 131,5cm
      ink
      newspaper
      paper
      watercolour
      Collection Fondation Constant, NL

      CID

      106

      The gruesome reality of Nixon's foreign policy.
      Constant writes (overgenomen uit Het Parool) (copied from Het Parool) in the bottom right corner, which refers to the news paper clippings on the horizon and bottom right.

      The Vietnam war is the first war that is broadcasted through mass media. For the first time people are confronted with moving images of war entering their living room through television. The war leads to protests and outrage and influences the work of many artists, including Constant.

      On April 30th, 1970 Nixon addresses the nation on television. He states that instead of withdrawing the 150.000 troops from Cambodia, he intends to send extra troops thereby prolonging the Vietnam war. On May Ist, 1970 Constant creates the collage Mekong River with the newspaper clippings from Het Parool. It is the first of many collages. It is a pivotal work that signals the end of New Babylon. Many of the New Babylon paintings after this date show scenes of agression, revolt and cruelty. Reality has entered Constant's vision for the future and with that the end of New Babylon is heralded.

      In 1974 Constant concludes his project with a New Babylon exhibition at Kunstmuseum Den Haag (Gemeentemuseum Den Haag at the time). He clears out his studio and leaves his collection of models at the museum, which will aquire most of them over a periode of ten years.

        Alternate titles

        1 mei 1970 (La paix de Nixon)
        1970 Archive entry
        Pax Americana
        1970
        La paix de Nixon
        1974

        Signed/dated

        Signed and dated Constant 1 mei 1970, bottom right in black pencil on turquoise fond.

        Provenance

        1970 Constant
        2005 Trudy Nieuwenhuys-van der Horst (Legacy Art Collection Constant)
        2012 Collection Fondation Constant, NL
        Tags
        Vietnam
        War

        Frame dimensions

        123 x 136 x 3 cm

        Image

        Constant-ZT/Weer een terreurgolf, 1972

        Photographer

        Tom Haartsen

        Bommen op ziekenhuis

        1972
        New Babylon
        91,0cm
        x 103,0cm
        ink
        newspaper
        paper
        watercolour
        Fondation Constant, NL

        CID

        83

        During the Vietnam war Constant expresses his disdain for violence through his works.

          English title

          Bombs on Hospital

          Alternate titles

          Bommen op ziekenhuis
          1972 Archive entry

          Signed/dated

          Signed and dated Constant 23.12.'72, centre right below the horizon, in pencil on sanguine fond

          Provenance

          1972 Constant
          2005 Trudy Nieuwenhuys-van der Horst, nalatenschap Constant
          2008-2022 Stedelijk Museum Schiedam, langdurig bruikleen
          2022 Fondation Constant
          Tags
          Vietnam
          War

          Frame dimensions

          97 x 109 x 1,5 cm

          Image

          Constant Nieuwenhuys-USA Bomb Terror, 1972

          Photographer

          Tom Haartsen

          USA bommenterreur

          1972
          New Babylon
          99,0cm
          x 124,0cm
          newspaper
          paper
          watercolour
          Fondation Constant, NL

          CID

          82

          The Vietnam War is raging. With his works Constant denounces the cruelties of war.

            English title

            USA Bomb Terror

            Alternate titles

            U.S.A. bommenterreur
            1974
            Terrorangriffe
            1985
            U.S.A. bommenterreur
            1972 Archive entry

            Signed/dated

            Signed and dated Constant '72. Kerstmis 26 XII '72, bottom right in pencil

            Provenance

            1972 Constant
            2005 Trudy Nieuwenhuys-van der Horst/FC (nalatenschap Constant)
            2008-2023 langdurig bruikleen Stedelijk Museum Schiedam (bij de verhuizing van het atelier Wittenburg) tot 11.04.23
            Tags
            Vietnam
            War

            Frame dimensions

            104,5 x 129 x 2 cm